Functional Gait Assessment Tests in Elderly: A Systematic Review

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_CJNS-9-2_007

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 9 اردیبهشت 1402

Abstract:

Background: Due to the mobility problems of the elderly, it is better to use low-cost and applicable methods in any place, which do not require expertise to measure gait. One of these ubiquitous methods is functional gait assessment (FGA). Objectives: The purpose of this study was to collect and evaluate FGA in the elderly. Materials & Methods: This study conducted a comprehensive study of FGA in the elderly by searching the databases of PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, Google Scholar, Scopus, MAGIRAN, IRANDOC, Iran Medex, MedLib, and SID from ۱۹۹۶ to November ۲۰۲۰. After compiling the search results, we first studied the titles and then the abstracts. If an article matched the inclusion and exclusion criteria, its results were used in the review study; otherwise, it was excluded. Results: Based on the research criteria and objectives, from ۲۳ different tests, the results of ۱۹ articles that studied FGA in the elderly were selected and reported. Conclusion: Studies seem to attempt FGA in the elderly using different methods and for different purposes. For example, studies to assess gait velocity, normal gait, and gait, along with functional and cognitive tasks, have measured FGA in the elderly. Besides, the two main features of a valid test including sensitivity and specificity have been less studied. Therefore, more studies should focus on these test features in measuring FGA in the elderly.

Authors

Ali Asghar Norasteh

Physiotherapy Department, faculty of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences

Esmail Balayi

Department of Corrective Exercise and Sports Injuries, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran

Hamed Zarei

Department of Corrective Exercise and Sports Injuries, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran