Podcast vs. Pamphlet; Which One Is More Effective in Self-care Training Program of Diabetic Patients?

Publish Year: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JHES-5-2_001

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 8 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background and Purpose: Self-care can help patients with diabetes to reduce complications of the disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of diabetes self-care educational programs through tow podcast and pamphlet methods. Material and Methods: The present study was quasi-experimental research conducted in Tehran Aboozar Diabetes Center (۲۰۱۴).  ۹۰ patients with type II diabetes were selected and randomly divided into two groups of podcast training group (n = ۴۵) and pamphlet group (n = ۴۵). In both groups, the data were collected using the researcher-made questionnaire. In the podcast group, five audio training files were transferred via Bluetooth to the patients’ mobiles, and the pamphlet group was given an educational pamphlet with a quite similar content. After ۱۲ weeks, the two groups were assessed by the same questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS Software, version ۱۶, through statistical t-test at a significance level of P ≤ ۰.۰۵. Results: The mean of adherence to exercise programs, drug treatment, and diabetic diet were ۱۵.۵۳, ۲۳.۹۲, and ۴۸.۲۰, respectively, for Podcast Group, while these values were ۱۴.۴۸, ۲۴.۰۴, and ۴۶.۵۴ for Pamphlet Group, respectively. After the intervention, the mean of adherence to exercise programs, drug treatment, and diabetic diet increased as follows: Podcast group (۲۰.۰۰, ۲۳.۹۵ and ۵۷.۱۲); Pamphlet group (۲۱.۲۶, ۲۵.۴۰ and ۵۵.۵۹). Conclusion: The use of podcast such as pamphlet is recommended to increase the adherence rate of self-care behaviors of diabetic patients. Due to the great satisfaction of patients with podcast, the method is suggested as an effective, simple, and attractive method to control diabetes and compliance with care practices.

Authors

Mitra Zolfaghari

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Center for Nursing Care Research (CNCR) Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Fatemeh Bahramnezhad

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Parvaneh Alvandfar

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Zahra Emami

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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