Lead Contamination and Pollution Indexes in Roadside Soil in Tehran, Iran

Publish Year: 1394
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JHES-3-4_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 8 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background and purpose: In the process of rapid urbanization and industrialization in developing countries, environmental pollution is a major concern. One of the fastest growing problems of environmental pollution is an excessive intake of lead in urban soils. Lead concentrations in urban soil may result from human activities such as vehicle emissions and industrial activities. This study aimed to determine of lead contents in roadside soil samples in Tehran city, Iran. Materials and Methods: One of Tehran municipality’s subsections was selected for the collection of ۲۱ samples from seven stations along a main urban highway. In this study, samples were taken over a period of ۳-month in the dry season. Sampling was performed in the order of ۱۰۰ m long, perpendicular to the roadside at ۰, ۵۰, and ۱۰۰ m from the road. Lab measurements were performed on the physical and chemical properties of samples. The extraction was performed using four kinds of acids (HCL, HNO۳, HF, and HCLO۴). Results: Lead concentrations were measured by a spectrophotometer with an average concentration of lead in soil samples of roadsides standing at ۱۱۲.۲۱ part a million (PPM), and the average lead bio-accessibility at ۱۴.۱۹ PPM.  Conclusion: Lead concentrations showed a linear decrement in proportion to the distance from center line of the road. Human cultural activities were sources of lead pollution by examine soil contamination indexes.

Authors

Meisam Yousefi

Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Khajeh Nasir Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Majid Ehteshami

Head and Assistant Professor, Environmental Eng. Dept. KN Toosi Univ. of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Amir Sadrnejad

Department of Geotechnical Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Khajeh Nasir Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

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