Studying Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Breast Cancer Screening Methods among Behshahr Dwelling Women

Publish Year: 1392
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_JHES-1-2_010

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 8 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background and purpose: Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among all widespread cancers worldwide. After lung cancer, breast cancer is the main cause of death among women. One of the best ways to detect this disease early is to do screening. This study has been done to analyze the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of women regarding the breast cancer screening methods. Materials & Methods: The study is of cross-sectional descriptive type. The participants were ۵۰۰ Behshahr dwelling women above ۲۰ years old selected based on cluster sampling. The instrument used was a ۳۴-item questionnaire to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of the women. The data has been analyzed through inferential statistical methods. Results: The participants' age mean was ۳۵.۱۶. The average knowledge score of the disease and screening methods was ۱.۳ and ۵۴.۶. The average attitude score of was ۸۲.۵. Regarding behavior, ۱۳.۱ percent do regular self-examination, and ۱۵.۲ percent do regular clinical examination. ۱۶.۷ percent of women have one experience of doing mammography. In the present study, there was a significant relation among knowledge, attitude and behavior. Conclusion: Since the knowledge of women was at average level and the behavior of using the screening methods was weak, planning to enable and motivate women to use the screening methods is highly emphasized.

Authors

Abdolhasan Naghibi

Department of Public Health, Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Davood Shojaizadeh

Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran

Ali Montazeri

Mental Health Research Group, Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research Tehran, Iran

Jamshid Yazdani Cherati

Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran