The Effect of Problem-Solving-Based Learning on Critical Thinking Skills of Nursing Students

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نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJHLS-8-4_008

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 14 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background: Nurses need critical thinking (CT) skills when facedwith unstable clinical conditions. CT is a style of thinking, which requires new and student-oriented education. Nursing educators should train active students interested in continuous learning with their educational methods. Objectives: Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effect of problem-solving-based education on the CT skills of nursing students of the Islamic Azad University of Golestan province in Iran. Methods: This experimental study used a pre-test and post-test with a control group. The study area was the department of undergraduate nursing students of the Islamic Azad University of Golestan province in the ۷th and ۸th semesters in the Islamic Azad University of Golestan province in ۲۰۲۲. The population included ۵۰ nursing students, who were selected by convenient sampling. The data collection tool was the demographic profile form and the California Critical Skills Test (CCST). Results: In the control group, the results of the paired t-test in different dimensions, including truth-seeking (P = ۰.۹۱), criticism (P = ۰.۸۲), organization (P = ۰.۷۴), Curiosity (P = ۰.۵۲) and the overall size (P = ۰.۰۶) did not show significant differences before and after the intervention. However, there was a significant difference in the dimensions of analysis (P = ۰.۰۳) and self-confidence (P < ۰.۰۱). The ANCOVA test showed a significant difference (P < ۰.۰۱, Eta = ۰.۵۵) by removing the pre-test. Thus, ۵۵% of post-test changes could be related to problem-solving skills. Conclusions: Based on the effectiveness of problem-solving learning in increasing the CT of nursing students, CT levels can be raised using this method. Therefore, it is recommended to hold the related courses in educational centers, especially universities and higher education centers.

Authors

Narjes Kazemi

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran

Samira Beigmoradi

Msc of Nursing, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Sirjan School of Medical Sciences, Sirjan, Iran

Zakieh Farmitani

Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Fereshteh Ghorbani

Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran