Combined effect of ignition and injection timing along with hydrogen enrichment to natural gas in a direct injection engine on performance and exhaust emission

Publish Year: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJAEIU-8-1_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 5 دی 1402

Abstract:

To improve the engine performance and reduce emissions, factors such as changing ignition and injection timing along with converting of port injection system to direct injection in SI(spark-ignited) engines and hydrogen enrichment to CNG fuel at WOT conditions have a great importance. In this work, which was investigated experimentally (for CNG engine) and theoretically (for combustion Eddy Break-Up model and turbulence model is used) in a single- cylinder four-stroke SI engine at various engine speeds (۲۰۰۰-۶۰۰۰ rpm in ۱۰۰۰ rpm intervals), injection timing (۱۳۰-۲۱۰ crank angle(CA) in ۵۰ CA intervals), ignition timing (۱۹-۲۸ CA in ۲ degree intervals), ۲۰ bar injection pressure and five hydrogen volume fraction ۰% to ۵۰% in the blend of HCNG. The results showed that fuel conversion efficiency, torque and power output were increased, while duration of heat release rate was shortened and found to be advanced. NOx emission was increased with the increase of hydrogen addition in the blend and the lowest NOx was obtained at the lowest speed and retarded ignition timing, hence ۱۹° before top dead center.

Keywords:

HCNG Fuel , Ignition and Injection Timing , Performance and Emissions