The new design of heavy concrete as neutron and gamma shield using galena, B۴C, and nanomaterials

Publish Year: 1403
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_RPE-5-1_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 16 دی 1402

Abstract:

Today, with the development of nuclear technology and radiation therapy equipment, radiation protection is important. This study aimed to design heavy concrete with high compressive strength and effective protection against neutron and gamma rays. In this study, ۱۱ types of concrete with different mixing designs including ۸۸ samples were made. In these samples, iron ore aggregates galena, limonite, hematite, polypropylene fibers, nanoparticles, micro-particles of silicon, and B۴C powder have been used. Concrete quality coefficient, compressive strength, gamma, and neutron attenuation coefficients were measured for all samples. Also, the neutron attenuation coefficient for all samples was calculated using the Monte Carlo simulation (MCNPX) code and compared with the experimental values. The density, neutron attenuation coefficient, and compressive strength of concrete samples varied from ۲.۳۷ to ۳.۱۷ g.cm-۳, from ۰.۰۱۶۲ to ۰.۰۳۰۶ cm۲.g-۱, and from ۴۸.۰ to ۸۱.۳ MPa respectively. The linear gamma attenuation coefficient and gamma-ray tenth value layer (TVL) were obtained from ۰.۱۴۸ to ۰.۳۹۸ cm-۱ and ۱۵.۷۴ to ۵.۸۵ cm respectively. These results showed that the highest neutron and gamma attenuation coefficients were obtained for concrete containing ۷۰% galena iron ore and ۲۰% boron carbide and the highest compressive strength belonged to sample G۱۵ containing ۱۵% galena iron ore and ۱.۸% boron carbide. G۷۰ was the best concrete regarding the quality factor, defined as the product of multiplying the compressive strength and linear attenuation coefficients of neutron and gamma.

Keywords:

Heavy concrete , B۴C , Galena , Limonite and Hematite aggregates , Gamma and neutron shielding

Authors

Reza Pourimani

Department of Physics‎, ‎Faculty of Science‎, ‎Arak University‎, ‎Arak‎, ‎Iran

Saeed Ghahani

Department of Physics‎, ‎Faculty of Science‎, ‎Arak University‎, ‎Arak‎, ‎Iran

Parisa Nobakht

Department of Physics‎, ‎Faculty of Science‎, ‎Arak University‎, ‎Arak‎, ‎Iran

Iman Mirzae Moghadam

Department of Physics‎, ‎Faculty of Science‎, ‎Arak University‎, ‎Arak‎, ‎Iran

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