Pourya Zarshenas Theory for Sustainable Development based on Green Renewable Energy »P.Z.T.S.D.G.R.E« The theory of study on the direct relation between the amount of renewable energy use in a country & the possibility of achieving sustainable development through technological entrepreneur innovations: (Studying the policies and performance of Malaysia as an example)

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RMIECONF06_030

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 19 بهمن 1402

Abstract:

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources that are naturally replenished on a human timescale. It includes sources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat. Renewable energy stands in contrast to fossil fuels, which are being used far more quickly than they are being replenished. Although most renewable energy sources are sustainable, some are not. For example, some biomass sources are considered unsustainable at current rates of exploitation.Renewable energy often provides energy in four important areas: electricity generation, air and water heating/cooling, transportation, and rural (off-grid) energy services. About ۲۰% of humans' global energy consumption is renewables, including almost ۳۰% of electricity. About ۸% of energy consumption is traditional biomass, but this is declining. Over ۴% of energy consumption is heat energy from modern renewables, such as solar water heating, and over ۶% electricity.Globally there are over ۱۰ million jobs associated with the renewable energy industries, with solar photovoltaics being the largest renewable employer. Renewable energy systems are rapidly becoming more efficient & cheaper and their share of total energy consumption is increasing, with a large majority of worldwide newly installed electricity capacity being renewable. In most countries, photovoltaic solar or onshore wind are the cheapest new-build electricityNew energies are expanding rapidly around the world. Cleanliness and cheapness can be considered as the two main indicators of new energy production, as these energies have been able to fill the gaps in fossil fuels in many places due to their high productivity.Energy experts believe that renewable energy should replace conventional energy sources such as oil and gas in the ۲۱st century to reduce the wasteful use of hydrocarbon products and that future energy use depends on a structure in which carbon-free energy sources such as solar energy or wind to be used. A way to overcome the energy crisis and the time bomb that seems to be tuned to announce the end of energy at any moment. In the book in front of you, chapter by chapter, the types of renewable energy are examined and finally its advantages and even disadvantages are expressed!In fact, we should listen to the proposal of the Saudi Minister of Energy in the ۱۹۷۰s, who said:"The Stone Age did not end because the stone ran out.The age of oil must end much sooner than the oil runs out."

Authors

Pourya Zarshenas

Mater of Inorganic & Polymer Chemistry Master of Energy Economy Faculty of Chemical and Petroleum Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Iran Vice President of the “A.C.Milligram” Intl. Scientific Institute, Switzerland Head of Pourya Zarshenas Intl.