مقایسه مولفه های بهزیستی روان شناختی در مادران دارای نوجوان با و بدون آسیب حسی

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: Persian
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_SOWOR-10-2_006

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 25 اسفند 1402

Abstract:

مقدمه: یک نوجوان دارای آسیب حسی افزون بر مساله های همسالان بدون آسیب، با مشکلات مربوط به داشتن آسیب حسی نیز روبه رو است، که این مشکلات می تواند بر میزان استرس و سلامت روانی والدین و به طور ویژه مادران تاثیرداشته باشد. با توجه به نقش بهزیستی روان شناختی مادران در شکل گیری رفتار و شخصیت نوجوانان و مناسبات اجتماعی خویش، هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه مولفه های بهزیستی روان شناختی در بین مادران دارای نوجوان با و بدون آسیب حسی بود. روش: روش پژوهش علی-مقایسه ای بود. جامعه آماری شامل همه مادران دارای نوجوان با و بدون آسیب حسی شهر شیراز در سال ۱۳۹۴ بودند. نود و یک نفر شامل سی و هشت نفر از مادران دارای نوجوان با آسیب حسی با روش نمونه گیری در دسترس و پنجاه و سه نفر از مادران دارای نوجوان بدون آسیب حسی با روش نمونه گیری تصادفی چندمرحله ای به عنوان نمونه پژوهش انتخاب شدند. پرسشنامه بهزیستی روان شناختی ریف برای سنجش بهزیستی روان شناختی استفاده شد. از آزمون تحلیل واریانس چندمتغییره با استفاده از نرم افزارآماری SPSS۲۱ برای تحلیل داده ها استفاده شد. نتایج: نتایج نشان داد که مادران دارای نوجوان با آسیب حسی در خرده مقیاس های پذیرش خود، تسلط محیطی، رابطه مثبت با دیگران، داشتن هدف در زندگی و استقلال به طور معنی داری پایینتر از مادران دارای نوجوان بدون آسیب حسی هستند.(۰۱/۰>P) اما در خرده مقیاس رشد فردی بین دو گروه تفاوت معنی داری مشاهده نشد.(۰۵/۰ بحث و نتیجه گیری: با توجه به تفاوت معنی دار در بیشتر مولفه های بهزیستی روان شناختی بین مادران نواجوانان با و بدون آسیب حسی؛ پیشنهاد می گردد؛ جهت ارتقای بهزیستی روان شناختی مادران دارای نوجوان با آسیب حسی برنامه های مداخله ای ضروری طراحی و اجرا گردد.

Keywords:

Components of Psychological Well-Being , Mothers , Adolescents With And Without Sensory Impairment , مولفه های بهزیستی روان شناختی , مادران , نوجوانان با و بدون آسیب حسی

Authors

ستاره شجاعی

Department of special education, college of psychology and educational sciences, University of Shiraz

شهروز نعمتی

Department of psychology, college of psychology and educational sciences, University of Tabriz

محمد مهدی تیموری آسفیچی

Department of special education, college of psychology and educational sciences, University of Shiraz

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  • World Health Organization. Prevention of blindness and visual impairment. Priority ...
  • Smith TE, Polloway EA, Patton JR, Dowdy CA, Doughty TT. ...
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  • Seligman ME, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. Springer Netherlands; ...
  • Diener E, Suh EM. Culture and subjective well-being. MIT Press; ...
  • Seligman ME. Positive psychology, positive prevention, and positive therapy. Handbook ...
  • Snyder CR, Lopez SJ. Oxford handbook of positive psychology. Oxford ...
  • Deci EL, Ryan RM. Hedonia, eudaimonia, and well-being: An introduction. ...
  • Seligman ME, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. Springer Netherlands; ...
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  • Karademas EC. Positive and negative aspects of well-being: Common and ...
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  • Wigtil CJ, Henriques GR. The relationship between intelligence and psychological ...
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  • Yamaoka K. Social capital and health and well-being in East ...
  • Molaei Yasavoli H, Borjali A, Molaee Yasavoli M, Fadakar P. ...
  • Eisenhower AS, Baker BL, Blacher J. Preschool children with intellectual ...
  • Cox CR, Eaton S, Ekas NV, Van Enkevort EA. Death ...
  • Norlin D, Broberg M. Parents of children with and without ...
  • Bourke-Taylor H, Pallant JF, Law M, Howie L. Predicting mental ...
  • Mitchell DB, Hauser-Cram P. The well-being of mothers of adolescents ...
  • Sola-Carmona JJ, López-Liria R, Padilla-Góngora D, Daza MT, Sánchez-Alcoba MA. ...
  • Ghasempour A, Akbari E, Taghipour M, Azimi Z, Refaghat E. ...
  • Abbeduto L, Seltzer MM, Shattuck P, Krauss MW, Orsmond G, ...
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  • Sefidi FA, Farzad V. Validated measure of Ryff psychological well-being ...
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  • Marvin RS, Pianta RC. Mothers' reactions to their child's diagnosis: ...
  • Crnic K, Low C. Everyday stresses and parenting. Handbook of ...
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  • Bromley J, Hare DJ, Davison K, Emerson E. Mothers supporting ...
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  • Hintermair M. Sense of coherence: A relevant resource in the ...
  • Hintermair M. Parental resources, parental stress, and socioemotional development of ...
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  • Kandel I, Merrick J. The child with a disability: Parental ...
  • Mikaili Mani F. The psychological comparison of mothers of mentally ...
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