Association of social, demographic, ecological factors, and underlying diseases with COVID-۱۹ mortality rate: A crosssectional study

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_EHEM-11-1_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 28 اسفند 1402

Abstract:

Background: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between demographic, social, and ecological factors, as well as underlying diseases (diabetes, kidney, liver, and hypertension) with the COVID-۱۹ mortality rate in the city of Kerman. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was carried out on ۲۰۰ COVID-۱۹ survivors and ۲۰۰ hospitalized deceased patients after infection to COVID-۱۹ from March ۲۰۱۹ to March ۲۰۲۰. Logistic regression and Poisson regression were used to assess the relationship between demographic, social factors, underlying diseases, ecological parameters, and mortality rate. Results: The COVID-۱۹ mortality rate in the affected population (n = ۶۹۶۶ people) was ۱۹.۵%. The affected people were over ۶۰ years old, male, Iranian, and married in more than half of the cases. A significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of age (P < ۰.۰۰۱). However, there was no significant difference between hospitalized deceased patients and survivors in terms of social variables. Diabetes (OR = ۱.۷۹; ۱.۱ to ۳.۱۷), hypertension (OR = ۱.۶; ۱.۰۲ to ۲.۵۲), and liver disease (OR = ۵.۱۳; ۱.۰۵ to ۲۴.۹۹) had a significant effect on the mortality rate due to COVID-۱۹ infection. The risk of COVID-۱۹ death has significantly reached ۰.۹۶; in other words, decreased by ۴% (P = ۰.۰۳), for a one-degree increase in the average rainfall during the studied period. Conclusion: Finally, the prevalence of underlying diseases in the hospitalized deceased patients was more than that in the survivors. The results of the present study are expected to have preventive interventions and identify risk factors for mortality in patients hospitalized with COVID-۱۹ and similar diseases.

Authors

Mitra Naderipour

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Majid Hashemi

Environmental Health Engineering Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Moghaddameh Mirzaei

Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Ali Akbar Haghdoost

Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Maryam Faraji

Corresponding author: Environmental Health Engineering Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

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