Alexithymia and Suicidal Ideation in Iranian Patients With Psoriasis

Publish Year: 1403
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_CJNS-10-2_004

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 28 اسفند 1402

Abstract:

Background: Evidence highlighted the high prevalence of some mental problems among individuals with psoriasis, including alexithymia and suicidal ideation.  Objectives: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence and comorbidity of alexithymia and suicidal ideation in individuals with psoriasis in Iran. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on ۱۰۰ patients with psoriasis referred to Razi Dermatology Clinic and Beesat Clinic of hospitals affiliated to Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran, in ۲۰۲۰. Psoriasis was diagnosed by a dermatologist, and the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients were recorded. The Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS-۲۰) and the Beck scale for suicidal ideation (BSSI) were used to assess alexithymia and suicidal thoughts.  Results: The mean age of patients was ۳۷.۵۶±۱۰.۵۸ years, and ۵۱% were female. Among patients, ۵۲% had alexithymia, ۲۳% were at high risk of suicide, and ۶% were at very high risk of suicide. The moderate severity of psoriasis had a significant association with suicidal thoughts (P<۰.۰۵). The TAS-۲۰ score had a significant association with the male gender and younger age, and the BSSI score had a significant association with the psoriasis area (P=۰.۰۰۳). The highest score of BSSI was seen in those with psoriasis in the face and limb/trunk (۱۰±۴.۳۶ and ۸.۵۶±۸.۵۲, respectively). Conclusion: Patients with psoriasis exhibit a significant prevalence of alexithymia and suicidal thoughts. Additionally, younger age and male gender were identified as factors associated with alexithymia in this population.

Authors

Ali Pourramzani

Kavosh Behavioral, Cognitive and Addiction Research Center, Shafa Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Science, Rasht, Iran.

Kaveh Gharaei Nejad

Skin Research Center, Razi Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences (GUMS), Rasht, Iran.

Soheila Sayar

Skin Research Center, Razi Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences (GUMS), Rasht, Iran.