The Relationship between Empathy and Stigma towards Psychiatric Disorders among Nursing Students

Publish Year: 1397
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_FMEJ-8-2_007

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 10 تیر 1398

Abstract:

Background: Considering the importance of the two variables of stigma and empathy in the patients care with psychiatric disorders and the impact of cultural conditions, there is evidence that these two variables have mutual effects. This study s objective was to determine the relationship between stigma and empathy towards psychiatric disorders among nursing students. Methods: Descriptive correlational method was used in this study. The sample consists of 155 nursing students who were attending mental health training at Mashhad Ibn-Sina Psychiatric Hospital; they were selected as available. The data collection tools was Jefferson Nurses Empathy Questionnaire and the Kassam opening minds scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC). Data analysis was performed using descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: Pearson correlation test showed that there was a significant linear relationship between the stigma total mean score (r=0.23, p=0.004) and subscale of stigma social responsibility (r=0.29, p<0.001) with empathy total mean score. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that only the stigma social responsibility subscale had a negative and significant correlation with the empathy total score. Conclusion: The results showed that there is an inverse relationship between social responsibility of patients with psychiatric disorders and empathy. Therefore, it is recommended that educational interventions considered in accordance with society culture in order to promote empathy and reduce stigma in nursing students.

Authors

Saeed Vagheei

Evidence Based Care Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Bibi Maryam Hashemi

Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University of Gonabad, Gonabad, Iran

Masoud Kashani Lotfabadi

PhD Candidate in Psychiiatry clinical, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Azam Salarhaji

PhD Candidate in Nursing, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

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