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Title

Cone Beam CT Evaluation of the Bony Changes in the Temporomandibular Joint and the Association with the Clinical Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Year: 1398
COI: JR_JDMT-8-1_005
Language: EnglishView: 233
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Authors

Fatemeh Hafez Maleki - Assistant professor of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abbas Shokri - Associate Professor, Dental Research Center, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Dental School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Seyyed Hossein Hosseini Zarch - Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Amirhossein Bahraniy - DDs, Dentist

Abstract:

Introduction: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are among the most prevalent abnormalities of the jaw, which affect the masticatory system, including the muscles, TMJ, and tendons. Clinical examination alone cannot determine the cause of temporomandibular disorder (TMD). In most cases, the cause of TMD and a proper treatment plan are determined based on imaging modalities. The present study aimed to investigate the bone changes in the patients with TMD symptoms using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted through recording data on the pain caused by TMJ (upon touching, using the TMJ, and maximum mouth opening), clicking, and crepitus using a checklist of clinical symptoms. CBCT images were examined for the associated bone changes, including sclerosis, flattening, erosion, and osteophyte. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 21 using Chi-square and logistic regression analysis. Results: In total, 160 joint images were examined, including 132 cases of flattening (82.5%), 45 cases of sclerosis (28.12%), 41 cases of osteophytes (25.62%), and 66 cases of erosion (41.25%). A significant association was observed between pain and flattening, and sclerosis and osteophytes. Moreover, a significant correlation was observed between flattening and clicking (P<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results, flattening was the most common bone change in the patients with TMD. In addition, sclerosis had the most significant association with pain, while sclerosis, osteophytes, and erosion were significantly correlated with joint crepitation.    

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Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_JDMT-8-1_005. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/893099/

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Hafez Maleki, Fatemeh and Shokri, Abbas and Hosseini Zarch, Seyyed Hossein and Bahraniy, Amirhossein,1398,Cone Beam CT Evaluation of the Bony Changes in the Temporomandibular Joint and the Association with the Clinical Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders,https://civilica.com/doc/893099

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