Reasons and Necessities for Listing the Architectural Heritage of Industrial Factories in Iran as UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Publish Year: 1398
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: English
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ICCCHA01_017

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 8 مرداد 1398

Abstract:

As the Industrial Revolution reached Iran, large numbers of industrial factories were established across the country. But as industry declined and cities expanded placing industrial units at the heart of urban areas, these had to be transferred to the suburbs in due course. Many efforts were made by the supporters of national heritage sites for the conservation of industrial buildings to regenerate them into cultural public spaces. Some of the most prominent industrial landmarks of Iran were registered as national heritages; but the creation of endless obstructions prevented their efforts from bearing the intended fruits and outstanding samples of Iran’s industrial architecture - in other words a special, distinctive, and valuable chapter in the history of its contemporary architecture and urbanism - was annihilated. By displaying the industrial changes of a set period in time, the lifestyle and activities of prominent figures in the country’s industrial history, a turning point for the hand and machine made crafts, the use of new technologies and much more, this heritage also became a major part of Iran’s cultural heritage – a heritage encompassing its industrial culture. By considering other registration criteria, these can be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites as a big step towards their conservation and introduction to the world community. The present research has endeavoured to introduce the potentials of this style of contemporary architecture in Iran with a qualitative content analysis approach (descriptive-analytical and historical). The results of this research will identify and document structures of national importance in this area, introduce them scientifically, and culminate in their registration where possible

Authors

Leila Pahlevanzadeh

Member of academic staff of Architecture Group of Islamic Azad University of Isfahan, (Khorasgan Branch), Isfahan, Iran