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Title

Human amniotic membrane mesenchymal stem cells-conditioned medium attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by targeting oxidative stress

Year: 1399
COI: JR_IJBMS-23-11_012
Language: EnglishView: 136
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Authors

Behnaz Mokhtari - Physiology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Yaser Azizi - Physiology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Aliakbar Rostami Abookheili - Shefa Neuroscience Research Center, Khatam Alanbia Hospital, Tehran, Iran
Nahid Aboutaleb - Physiology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Donya Nazarinia - Department of Physiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran
Nasim Naderi - Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Objective(s): Ischemic heart diseases (IHD) are one of the major causes of death worldwide. Studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells can secrete and release conditioned medium (CM) which has biological activities and can repair tissue injury. This study aimed to investigate the effects of human amniotic membrane mesenchymal stem cells (hAMCs)-CM on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats by targeting oxidative stress. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats (40 rats, weighing 200–250 g) were randomly divided into four groups: Sham, myocardial infarction (MI), MI + culture media, and MI + conditioned medium. MI was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min. After 15 min of reperfusion, intramyocardial injections of hAMCs-CM or culture media (150 μl) were performed. At the end of the experiment, serum levels of cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I), myocardial levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), as well as cardiac histological changes were evaluated.Results: HAMCs-CM significantly decreased cTn-I and MDA levels and increased SOD and GPx activities (p <0.05). In addition, hAMCs-CM improved cardiac histological changes and decreased myocardial injury percentage (p <0.05).  Conclusion: This study showed that hAMCs-CM has cardioprotective effects in the I/R injury condition. Reduction of oxidative stress by hAMCs-CM plays a significant role in this context. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that hAMCs-CM can be offered as a therapeutic candidate for I/R injury in the future, but more research is needed.

Keywords:

Conditioned medium Ischemic heart diseases Mesenchymal stem cells Myocardial ischemia/ , reperfusion injury Oxidative stress

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_IJBMS-23-11_012. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1138540/

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Mokhtari, Behnaz and Azizi, Yaser and Rostami Abookheili, Aliakbar and Aboutaleb, Nahid and Nazarinia, Donya and Naderi, Nasim,1399,Human amniotic membrane mesenchymal stem cells-conditioned medium attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by targeting oxidative stress,https://civilica.com/doc/1138540

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 4,684
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