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Title

Protective strategies among patients with cardiovascular diseases against dust phenomenon exposure in Ahvaz city based on the protection motivation theory

Year: 1399
COI: JR_EHEM-8-1_001
Language: EnglishView: 126
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Authors

Nematollah Jaafarzadeh Haghighifard - Toxicology Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Mehdi Mojadam - Corresponding author:Department of Health in Emergency and Disaster, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush - Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad - Department of Aging and Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical sciences, Yazd, Iran
Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie - Environmental Technologies Research Center, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Hossein Fallahzadeh - Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Abstract:

Background: Dust particles are one of the most important environmental problems that are threatening many countries, and patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a vulnerable group in this respect. The present study was conducted to examine the protective strategies among patients with CVDs against exposure to dust phenomenon based on the protection motivation theory (PMT). Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 183 patients with CVDs who referred to health care centers in Ahvaz city, Khuzestan province, southwest of Iran. Participants were selected from patients with CVDs recruited for routine national Package of Essential Non-communicable Disease (IRA PEN) through random cluster sampling. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire based on the PMT. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical tests such as Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regressions by SPSS version 22. Results: The mean scores of the constructs of perceived response efficacy (4.06 ± 20.06) and sensitivity (19.89 ± 4.30) were higher than those of other constructs. Correlation coefficient test showed a significant positive correlation between risk behaviors of exposure to dust phenomenon and self-efficacy, response efficacy and protection motivation, but negatively correlated with cost response. Also, self-efficacy variable, type of health insurance, and protection motivation were the predictive indicators of behavior. Conclusion: The constructs of the PMT explained the risk reduction behaviors of exposure to dust phenomenon in patients with CVDs. Therefore, this theory can be used as a framework for designing educational programs to increase the motivation of patients with CVDs to adopt risk reduction behaviors for exposure to dust.

Keywords:

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_EHEM-8-1_001. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1168930/

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If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Jaafarzadeh Haghighifard, Nematollah and Mojadam, Mehdi and Ehrampoush, Mohammad Hassan and Morowatisharifabad, Mohammad Ali and Abdullatif Khafaie, Morteza and Fallahzadeh, Hossein,1399,Protective strategies among patients with cardiovascular diseases against dust phenomenon exposure in Ahvaz city based on the protection motivation theory,https://civilica.com/doc/1168930

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 3,424
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