Effect of Using SPIKES Protocol for Delivering Death News to Patient Family Members on Their Anxiety Symptoms

Publish Year: 1399
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_EBCJ-10-2_008

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 14 اردیبهشت 1400

Abstract:

Receiving the news of a loved one’s death can cause extreme anxiety reactions. Breaking death news according to the setting, patient perception, invitation, knowledge, empathy, and strategy (SPIKES) protocol could be effective in alleviating this anxiety. This study aimed to determine the effect of using the SPIKES protocol for delivering the news of patient mortality to the deceased’s family members on their anxiety symptoms. This non-randomized controlled intervention study was carried out on the ۶۰ families of the patients who died in Imam Reza Hospital of Mashhad, Iran. The subjects (i.e., next of kin or close family members) were divided into two groups of ۳۰ cases. In the control group, the nurse conveyed the news of death using her routine method. In the intervention group, this task was performed according to the SPIKES protocol. After delivering the news, the nurse assessed the level of anxiety in the recipient of the news by filling out an inventory of visual symptoms of anxiety. The Mann-Whitney U test showed that the mean anxiety score in the intervention group (۳۱.۲±۱۱.۷) was significantly lower than that of the control group (۶۳.۴±۱۸.۱) (p <۰.۰۰۱). Since the findings revealed that the SPIKES protocol reduced the level of anxiety in the recipients of bad news, it is essential to apply this protocol in nurse education and training courses in Iran.

Authors

Fahime

Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad university of medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Seyed Reza

Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad university of medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Saeed

Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad university of medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Ahmad

Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran

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