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Title

Cardiac Paraganglioma, Recent Advances in Clinicopathologic Features

Year: 2021
COI: JR_MCIJO-5-2_005
Language: EnglishView: 186
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Authors

Fadi Alakeel - Department of Pathology and Genomic Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospi- tal, Houston, USA
Michael J. Reardon - Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Houston Methodist Hospital, Hous- ton, USA & Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, USA
Jae Y. Ro - Department of Pathology and Genomic Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospi- tal, Houston, USA & Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, USA & MD Anderson Cancer Center, The University of Texas, Houston, USA

Abstract:

Cardiac paragangliomas (PGs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors comprising less than ۱% of cardiac tumors. Few cardiac PG case reports and series are described in the literature. Cardiac PGs may be sporadic or arise from a syndromic association. Clinical presentations vary depending on the biochemical activity and location of the tumor. The left atrium, the right atrium, AP window, left ventricle, and atrioventricular groove are the most common sites for cardiac PGs, respectively. Many cardiac PGs are associated with succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) gene mutations. SDH-mutated PGs have aggressive histologic and clinical behavior. Therefore, PG patients should be screened for SDH mutations and provided with appropriate genetic counseling. SDH immunostaining can be used as a substitute diagnostic modality for SDH gene mutation and negative staining is associated with SDH mutation. Biochemical analysis, anatomical imaging, and functional imaging are also used for diagnostic workup of the tumor. Surgery is the only curative treatment for this tumor. Adrenoceptor blockers should be administered in functional PGs. PGs are highly vascular and frequently situated close to vital vessels. Accordingly, surgical complications such as bleeding are a leading cause of mortality in PGs. Metastatic PGs are only seen in a small subset of patients and are associated with poor clinical outcomes. Herein, we summarize clinical and pathological advances in cardiac PGs.

Keywords:

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_MCIJO-5-2_005. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1259014/

How to Cite to This Paper:

If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Alakeel, Fadi and Reardon, Michael J. and Ro, Jae Y.,2021,Cardiac Paraganglioma, Recent Advances in Clinicopathologic Features,https://civilica.com/doc/1259014

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