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Title

In-Vitro Antifungal Activity of Nano Encapsulated Caprylic Acid and EFG۱ Gene Expression Profile in Candida albicans

Year: 1400
COI: JR_IEM-7-3_004
Language: EnglishView: 46
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Authors

Reyhaneh Zarimeidani - Department of Mycology, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Shahla Roudbar mohammadi‎ - Department of Mycology, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Maryam Roudbary - Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Fatemeh Nikoomanesh - Infectious Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Peyman Aslani - Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Aja University of Medical Sciences
Sanaz Yaalimadad - Department of Mycology, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran,Iran

Abstract:

Backgrounds: Due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant Candida species, the discovery of new antifungal agents with minimum side effects is essential. The aim of this study was to investigate the antifungal activity of caprylic acid and nano-encapsulated caprylic acid against C. albicans as well as their effect on the expression of EFG۱ gene. Materials & Methods: In this laboratory trial study, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of caprylic acid and nano-encapsulated caprylic acid against C. albicans was evaluated at various concentrations (۴۰۰-۶۲۵ and ۱.۳-۵۰ μL/mL, respectively). Real time-PCR was performed to assess the expression level of EFG۱ gene. Cytotoxicity effect of caprylic acid and nano-encapsulated caprylic acid was evaluated on SW۴۸۰ cell line using MTT test. Findings: Antifungal activity findings displayed that MIC۹۰ and MIC۵۰ values of caprylic acid were ۵۰۰ and ۴۵۰ μg/mL, respectively, whereas MIC۹۰ and MIC۵۰ values of nano-encapsulated caprylic acid were ۶.۲ and ۳.۱ μg/mL, respectively. The expression of EFG۱ gene significantly decreased in the groups treated with caprylic acid and nano-encapsulated caprylic acid compared to the control group. According to the cytotoxicity evaluation findings, the viability of cells treated with caprylic acid was significantly higher than that of cells exposed to nano-encapsulated caprylic acid. Conclusions: According to the obtained results, nano-encapsulated caprylic acid successfully inhibited C. albicans growth at a lower concentration compared to caprylic acid. Overall, it was found that nano-encapsulated caprylic acid is a promising antifungal agent against Candida species; however, further studies are needed to be performed about nano-encapsulation of caprylic acid.

Keywords:

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This Paper COI Code is JR_IEM-7-3_004. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1281132/

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Zarimeidani, Reyhaneh and Roudbar mohammadi‎, Shahla and Roudbary, Maryam and Nikoomanesh, Fatemeh and Aslani, Peyman and Yaalimadad, Sanaz,1400,In-Vitro Antifungal Activity of Nano Encapsulated Caprylic Acid and EFG۱ Gene Expression Profile in Candida albicans,https://civilica.com/doc/1281132

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