Vitamin E and hCG enhance the immunomodulatory properties of LPS-induced mesenchymal stem/stromal cells

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJVST-13-1_008

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 20 آذر 1400

Abstract:

Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells (MSCs) have been applied to modulate various immune-mediated conditions. Prolonged culture of MSCs in vitro reduces their therapeutic efficacy. Pretreatment of the cells with some chemical agents during in vitro expansion could overcome this limitation. This study intended to determine whether pretreatment of adipose-derived MSCs (ASCs) with Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), a glycoprotein hormone, and Vitamin E, an antioxidant, will improve their immunomodulatory ability. In this regard, ASCs were harvested from human processed lipoaspirate. LPS-induced ASCs were preconditioned with ۱ mg of hCG and ۶۰۰ µM of vitamin E for ۲۴h. TSG-۶, COX-۲, IL-۱β, and IL-۶ were assessed at the mRNA level in preconditioned and control groups. ASCs were also co-cultured with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in vitro to determine the functionality of these cells. Results showed that hCG and vitamin E significantly downregulate the pro-inflammatory COX-۲, IL-۱β, and IL-۶ gene expression, while they did not significantly increase TSG-۶ expression. Besides, the co-culturing of pretreated ASCs with PBMCs demonstrated that the amount of PBMCs in treated groups (with hCG and vitamin E) was significantly lower than in control groups. These findings revealed that the preconditioning of ASCs with hCG and vitamin E might enhance their immunoregulatory capacity.

Authors

سپیده سادات حسینی

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Research Department, Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research (ACECR)-Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran.

شادی مهرزاد

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Research Department, Academic Center for Education, Culture, and Research (ACECR)-Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran.

حلیمه حسن زاده

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Research Department, ACECR-Khorasan Razavi, University campus, Azadi sq., Mashhad, Iran & Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

محبوبه کاظمی

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

ناصر سنجر موسوی

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Islamic Azad University-Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran.

مجید مومنی مقدم

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.

حمید رضا بیدخوری

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Research Department, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR)-Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran.

معین فرشچیان

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Research Department, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR)-Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran.

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