The Relationship Between Physical Activity, Body Image, and Eating Disorders During the COVID-۱۹ Pandemic in High- School Girls

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_INJER-8-4_004

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 1 دی 1400

Abstract:

Background and aims: Decreased levels of physical activity (PA) during the coronavirus disease ۲۰۱۹ (COVID-۱۹) pandemic can cause physical and psychological problems for individuals. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between PA, body image, and eating disorders (EDs) during the COVID-۱۹ pandemic among high school girls in Farsan, Iran. Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study, and the research population included female high school students from Farsan, Iran, who were studying in ۲۰۱۹-۲۰۲۰. In this regard, ۵۳۵ high school girls (age: ۱۵.۹۵ ± ۱.۴۲, weight: ۵۳.۰۷ ± ۱۰.۰۱, BMI: ۲۰.۱۴ ± ۳.۴۸) were selected based on cluster-random sampling to participate in the study. Multidimensional Body Self-relation Questionnaire (MBSRQ), Baecke’s Physical Activity Questionnaire, and the Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale (EDDS) were used to collect data, and Pearson correlation coefficients were administered to establish statistical relationships. Results: The results indicated significant positive correlations between body image and PA levels (r = ۰.۳۰۴, P = ۰.۰۰۱). However, no significant correlations were observed between body image and anorexia nervosa (AN) (r = -۰.۰۳۵, P = ۰.۴۲۴), bulimia nervosa (BN) (r = -۰.۰۳۳, P = ۰.۴۴۶), and binge ED (r = -۰.۰۴۱, P = ۰.۳۳۹). Likewise, no relationships were observed between PA and AN (r = ۰.۰۸۴, P = ۰.۰۵۲), BN (r = ۰.۰۷۳, P = ۰.۰۹۲), as well as binge ED (r = ۰.۰۷۱, P = ۰.۰۹۹). Conclusion: During the COVID-۱۹ pandemic, PA was positively associated with body image but not with EDs. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that PA improved body image in adolescent girls during the COVID-۱۹ pandemic.

Authors

Mohammad Faramarzi

Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran / Department of Sport Sciences, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi

Department of Sport Sciences, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

Zahra Hemati Farsani

Department of Sport Sciences, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran / Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran

Zahra Raisi

Department of Sport Sciences, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

Maryam Jamali

Department of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Julien S. Baker

Center for Health and Exercise Science Research, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China

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