Determination of Effective Diffusivity Coefficient and Activation Energy of shelled pistachio by using fluidezed bed dryer

Publish Year: 1386
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_IFST-3-2_001

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 5 دی 1400

Abstract:

Knowledge of desorption kinetics is essential to predict the behavior of the material during drying process and to design dryer equipment .The main objective of this study is to obtain the effective diffusivity coefficient and activation energy of shelled pistachio. Another goal is to find drying kinetics of shelled pistachio in fluidized bed dryer and so thin-layer characteristics of shelled pistachios were determined experimentally as a function of temperature and air velocity .Accordingly, ۶ mathematical models (Two term model, Exponential model, Logarithmic model, Page model, Modified page model and Henderson & Pabis model) for describing the thin-layer drying behavior of shelled pistachios were investigated. Tests were conducted using four air temperature (۲۵,۳۰,۴۵ and ۶۰ C) ,and three air velocities (۶, ۸ & ۱۰m/s).Out of the ۶ models considered ,the two term model were considered to be the most suitable for describing the drying behavior of the shelled pistachios .Also, for high air temperature and velocity, Henderson-Pabis model proved to be suitable .Results showed that air velocity and operating temperature enhanced the kinetics of drying of shelled pistachio and the drying air temperature had a great effect on the drying kinetics. By using of Fick’s second Law the effective diffusivity coefficient and activation energy of pistachio was determined. Keywords : Effective Diffusivity Coefficient, Activation Energy, Drying Kinetics, Fluidized Bed Dryer, Pistachio Drying

Authors

وحید محمدپور

گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

محمدتقی حامد موسویان

گروه علوم و صنایع غذایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

احمد اعتمادی

دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد