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Comparative Study of Reproductive Behaviors in Two Ethnicities of Fars and Turkmen in North Khorasan, Iran

مجله مامایی و بهداشت باروری، دوره: 10، شماره: 1
Year: 1401
COI: JR_JMREH-10-1_008
Language: EnglishView: 45
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Zohreh Abasi - Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Zohreh Keshavarz - Associate Professor, Department of Midwifery, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Mohammad Jalal Abbasi- Shavazi - Professor, Department of Demography, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abbas Ebadi - Professor, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Habibollah Esmaily - Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Salar Poorbarat - BSc of Nursing, Student Research Committee, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran


Background & aim: Cohesion and sense of ethnicity belonging can be effective in shaping reproductive behaviors. The aim of this study was to compare the reproductive behaviors in two ethnicities of Fars and Turkmen in North Khorasan, Iran.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on ۴۰۶ Fars and Turkmen women using a self-structured reproductive behavior questionnaire between April and September ۲۰۱۷. Content validity and reliability of the tool was confirmed with Cronbach's alpha of ۰.۷۵. Data was collected on a self-report basis and analyzed using SPSS software (version ۲۱) and descriptive and analytical indices.Results: Reproductive behaviors were significantly different between the two groups in terms of number of children (P=۰.۰۰۱), the timing of the first childbirth (P=۰.۰۴۳), interval between the first and second pregnancy (P=۰.۰۰۲), desire to re-childbearing (P=۰.۰۰۲), number of desired children (P=۰.۰۲۵), current method of contraception and decision to continue or terminate unwanted pregnancies (P=۰.۰۷۴). General linear test showed that with the introduction of demographic variables to measure the effect of the number of children in the analysis, the effect of ethnicity on the number of children was removed, but the variables of maternal age (P=۰.۰۰۱), husband's age (P=۰.۰۰۱), education of woman and husband (P=۰.۰۰۱) and the woman's job (P=۰.۰۰۱) remained as effective variables on the number of children.Conclusion: Today, the value of childbearing has changed more than other family values. In order to achieve the targets of population policies, population policy-making must be based on economic, social, cultural and demographic realities of the societies.


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Abasi, Zohreh and Keshavarz, Zohreh and Abbasi- Shavazi, Mohammad Jalal and Ebadi, Abbas and Esmaily, Habibollah and Poorbarat, Salar,1401,Comparative Study of Reproductive Behaviors in Two Ethnicities of Fars and Turkmen in North Khorasan, Iran,

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