Application of nano compounds for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of SARS-coronavirus: A review

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_JRCC-3-9_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 30 مرداد 1401

Abstract:

Coronavirus disease, also called COVID-۱۹, a universal health concern, has affected more than ۲۰۰ countries afterits declaration as a pandemic on ۱۱ March ۲۰۲۰ by the World Health Organization, WHO. COVID-۱۹ results dueto SARS-CoV-۲ entrance into the epithelial cells of the human’s lung. Recently, nanotechnology has turned to bea great promising method used in the medical field regarding viruses. By mitigating infection, nanotechnologyplays an important part in the diagnostics, prevention, and therapeutic approaches for controlling COVID-۱۹.The development of nanomaterials for viral disease is based on preventive measures and disinfectants, diagnosticdevices, and therapeutic drugs or vaccines to transfer antiviral drugs into the human body. Being at the samescale as viruses, nanoparticles can replicate the functional and structural properties of viruses, and nanomaterialscan be the best substitute for developing vaccines. A broad range of nanostructures, including gold, silver, zinc,graphene, carbon, liposomes, and polymeric compounds, have antiviral activity and can be employed in vaccinedevelopment or inactivation of the virus.

Authors

Ahmed Hamad Saleh

Biology Department, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Iraq

Kharmendra Kumar

Department of Pharmacy, School of Medical and Allied Sciences, Galgotias University, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

Ivo Sirakov

Medical University of Sofia, Faculty of Medicine, Department "Medical Microbiology", ۲ "Zdrave" St., Post code ۱۴۳۱

Parisa Shafiee

Catalyst and Nano Material Research Laboratory (CNMRL), School of Chemical, Petroleum and Gas Engineering, Iran University of Science andTechnology, Tehran, Iran

Mehrnoosh Arefian

Department of Biochemistry, Islamic Azad University, Falavarjan Branch, Isfahan, Iran