Detecting of biofilm formation in the clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli: an evaluation of different screening methods

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_JCBIOR-2-2_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 9 آبان 1401

Abstract:

Biofilm producer bacteria cause nosocomial, chronic, and recurrent human infections. It is hard to treat biofilm-embedded bacteria because they are more resistant to antimicrobials than planktonic bacteria. The present study aimed to investigate different methods for detecting biofilms in the clinical isolates of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The study was carried out at the Department of Microbiology, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran, from January ۲۰۱۹ to June ۲۰۱۹. A total of ۳۲۰ clinical samples were collected from educational and medical centers in Tehran, Iran which from them ۱۰۰ isolates of E. coli and P. aeruginosa were identified by standard microbiological procedures and subjected to biofilm detection methods. Biofilm detection was tested by Congo red agar (CRA), tube method (TM), microtiter plate assay (MTPA). The MTPA was considered to be superior to CRA and tube TM. From the total of ۱۰۰ clinical isolates, MTPA detected ۳۸ (۳۸%) isolates as biofilm-positive phenotype, of which ۳۰ as strong, and ۸ as moderate biofilm-forming isolates. It can be concluded from the current study that the MTPA is a more quantitative and dependable assay for the detection of biofilm-forming microorganisms as compared to other methods, and it can be recommended as a general screening method for the detection of biofilm-producing bacteria in laboratories.

Authors

Amin Mohsenzadeh

Department of Microbiology, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran

Alireza Fazel

Department of Microbiology, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran

Shirin Bavari

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Sanaz Borji

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

Sahar Pourasghar

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

Taher Azimi

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran