Does luteal Phase Support with Vaginal Micronized Progesterone Effect on Pregnancy Rates in Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) Cycles in Two Infertility Center During Six-Year Follow-up?

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نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_TBSRJ-4-4_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 11 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Introduction: Husband artificial intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a standard method of assisted reproduction for patients with mild male infertility, anovulation, endometriosis, and unknown infertility. In this study, we evaluated the effect of luteal phase support on the success rate of IUI cycles with vaginal micronized progesterone compared to the control. Material and Methods: This retrospective cohort study included ۹۴ infertile women referring to two infertility centers in Sari, Iran, from ۲۰۱۵ to ۲۰۲۱. In these women, Clomiphene citrate or Letrozole was used, follicular monitoring continued, and human Gonadotropin was added based on ultra-sonographic findings. Intramuscular HCG was added when one or two follicles were to ۱۷ mm. IUI was done ۳۶ hours later, and micronized vaginal progesterone ۴۰۰mg once daily was added on the day after insemination (n=۱۱۴). IUI outcomes were evaluated with a serum Beta-HCG test and vaginal ultrasound two and five weeks later. Pregnant women were followed up until the end of the pregnancy. Data were analyzed with SPSS۲۵ and STATA۱۴ software. Results: Progesterone consumption had no significant relationship with pregnancy rates but a significant correlation with the number of antral follicles. Pregnancy occurrence was significantly associated with patient satisfaction, FSH, and AMH levels but not correlated with the duration and kinds of infertility. Conclusion: Vaginal micronized progesterone as luteal phase support is not effective in increasing pregnancy occurrences in IUI cycles like IVF cycles, but patients’ satisfaction may be increased among women impregnated undergoing IUI and progesterone support.

Authors

Marzieh Zamaniyan

Diabetes Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. Infertility Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Atefeh Esmati

Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Sepideh Peyvandi

Infertility Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Mahmood Moosazadeh

Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Center, Non-communicable Diseases Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Seyedeh Fatemeh Kalantari

Infertility Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Maesommeh Hamedi

Infertility Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Mohammad Zahedi

Student Research Committee, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Medical Science, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

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