Immune Dysregulation in Children with Allergic asthma, a close Relationship between IL-۱۷ but not IL-۴ or IFN-g, and Disease Severity

Publish Year: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_REMJ-6-1_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 22 دی 1402

Abstract:

Background : Allergic asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory disease often determined with degrees of inflammation, hypersensitivity, bronchial constriction, and airway changes. Th۱, Th۲, and Th۱۷ cells are the main cells involved in asthma pathophysiology. To evaluate Th۱, Th۲, and Th۱۷ functions by assessing INF-g, IL-۴, and IL-۱۷ gene and protein levels in asthma patients and healthy controls. Materials and methods: In total, ۴۴ individuals of Iranian ethnicity including ۲۴ patients with allergic asthma and ۲۰ healthy controls were enrolled. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of all participants were isolated and cDNA was synthesized following RNA extraction. Gene expression and protein levels of INF-g, IL-۴, and IL-۱۷ were evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction and sandwich ELISA, respectively. Results: The results of this study showed that the gene expression of IL-۴ and IL-۱۷ in patients was increased significantly compared to the control group (p = ۰.۰۴۶ and ۰.۰۳, respectively) whereas that of IFN-g was significantly decreased in the group of patients (p = ۰.۰۲۱). Compared to the healthy controls, serum levels of IL-۱۷ and IL-۴ were significantly increased in asthma patients (p = ۰.۰۱۵ and ۰.۰۳, respectively). Conclusion: Higher IL-۱۷ and IL-۴ mRNA expression and serum levels in asthma patients than healthy controls highlight the role of Th۲ and Th۱۷ cells in asthma pathogenesis and their potential as therapeutic targets.

Authors

Meysam Aghajani

Student Research Committee Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Alireza Rafiei

Department of Immunology, Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Javad Ghaffari

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Reza Valadan

Department of Immunology, Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Mostafa Kardan

M.Sc. Student of Immunology, Student Research Committee Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

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