Detection of Nosocomial Respiratory Infections among Hospitalized Patients in Intensive Care Unit: a Survey in Northern Iran

Publish Year: 1401
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
View: 65

This Paper With 6 Page And PDF Format Ready To Download

  • Certificate
  • من نویسنده این مقاله هستم

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این Paper:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JMMI-10-3_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 29 بهمن 1402

Abstract:

Introduction: Nosocomial respiratory infections are a significant cause of mortality in hospitalized patients in Middle East countries. This study assesses the prevalence of nosocomial respiratory infection and associated factors as a tool for early diagnosis among intensive care unit (ICU) patients at risk for mortality. Methods: From January to November ۲۰۲۱, ۳۵۷ patients with more than ۷۲ h hospitalization in ICU were monitored. Respiratory samples were examined for the presence of microbial isolates using clinical microbiology procedures based upon microscopic morphology, cultural and PCR methods. Demographic data were collected, including age, gender, date of hospitalization, underlying diseases, date of death, and laboratory data. Results: Out of fifty-three positive cultures, ۱۸ samples (۳۴%) were positive for fungal isolates, and the rest were positive for bacterial isolates. The most common bacterial and fungal isolates were Streptocossus Pyogenes (۱۷.۹%) and Candida albicans (۲۲.۵%). Of the infected patients, ۶۷.۹% were male, ۳۹.۶۲ % had kidney diseases, and ۱۵.۰۹% died due to nosocomial infections. The results also showed that the tumor necrosis factor α and complement component ۳ levels were significantly associated with the incidence of respiratory fungal or bacterial infections (P<۰.۰۵). Conclusions: The rate of respiratory nosocomial infection in ICU patients was high. It is essential to implement control measures such as managing the length of hospital stay and examining the patient's immune factors to reduce the risk of these infections in ICU patients. Also, ICU patients should be prescribed appropriate antibiotics to prevent respiratory infections.

Authors

Mahshid Saeedi

Department of Microbiology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran

Leila Fozouni

Department of Microbiology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran

مراجع و منابع این Paper:

لیست زیر مراجع و منابع استفاده شده در این Paper را نمایش می دهد. این مراجع به صورت کاملا ماشینی و بر اساس هوش مصنوعی استخراج شده اند و لذا ممکن است دارای اشکالاتی باشند که به مرور زمان دقت استخراج این محتوا افزایش می یابد. مراجعی که مقالات مربوط به آنها در سیویلیکا نمایه شده و پیدا شده اند، به خود Paper لینک شده اند :
  • Canning B, Senanayake RV, Burns D, Moran E, Dedicoat M. ...
  • Papazian L, Klompas M, Luyt C. Ventilator-associated pneumonia in adults: ...
  • Medell M, Medell M, Martínez A, Valdés R. Characterization and ...
  • Möhlenkamp S, Thiele H. Ventilation of COVID-۱۹ patients in intensive ...
  • Jia L, Zhao J, Yang C, Liang Y, Long P, ...
  • Liu WJ, Zou R, Hu Y, Zhao M, Quan C, ...
  • WHO. ۲۰۲۰. Available from: https://covid۱۹.who.int/region/emro/country/eg. Accessed September۲۳, ۲۰۲۰ ...
  • Ku YH, Chan KS, Yang CC, Tan CK, Chuang YC, ...
  • Thompson D. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a general intensive care ...
  • Nasir N, Farooqi J, Mahmood SF, Jabeen K. COVID-۱۹-associated pulmonary ...
  • Mahendra M, Jayaraj B, Lokesh K, Chaya S, Veerapaneni VV, ...
  • Patterson TF. Advances and challenges in management of invasive mycoses. ...
  • Isenberg H. Clinical microbiology procedures handbook. Washington, DC: American Society ...
  • Pappas PG, Kauffman CA, Andes D, Benjamin DK, Calandra TF, ...
  • FDA. Drug shortages. ۲۰۲۰, [cited ۲۴ March ۲۰۲۰]. Available from: ...
  • Afhami S, Hadadi A, Khorami E, Seifi A, Bazaz NE. ...
  • Timsit JF, Azoulay E, Schwebel C, Charles PE, Cornet M, ...
  • Ponce de León-Rosales SP, Molinar-Ramos F, Domín- guez-Cherit G, Rangel-Frausto ...
  • Hassanzadeh P, Motamedifar M, Hadi N. Prevalent bacterial infections in ...
  • Mosadeghrad A, Afshari M, Isfahani P. Prevalence of Nosocomial Infection ...
  • Anoushiravani AA, Moini A, Hajihossein R, Alimoradian A, Didehdar M. ...
  • Qorbanalizadehgan M, ranjbar R, joneidi N, ali akbat esfahani A, ...
  • Hughes S, Troise O, Donaldson H, Mughal N, Moore LSP. ...
  • Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, ...
  • Karam-Allah Ramadan H, Mahmoud M, Aburahma MZ, Elkhawaga A, El-Mokhtar ...
  • Lansbury L, Lim B, Baskaran V, Lim WS. Co-infections in ...
  • He Y, Li W, Wang Z, Chen H, Tian L, ...
  • نمایش کامل مراجع