Less Use of Seat-belts among Drivers and Passengers in inter-urban routes than suburban routes, Causes and Effects

Publish Year: 1394
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JGTTE-1-1_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 15 آذر 1394

Abstract:

Using the seat belt in Iran’s roads has been reported 3 to 56%, and it doesn't any detailed statistics available in using this instrument in the streets. According to the statistics provided, in different countries, using seat belts in inter-urban routes is less than using it, in suburban’s routes. The main objective of this paper is examinethe use of seat belts on routes within the cities less than the suburban routes. For this purpose, 300 persons were asked with thisquestionnaire. The questionnaire data consist of the personal information, the use of seat belts, the discomfort with the use of seatbelts, the amount of discomfort with the use of seat belts, risk and safety levels, belief in the efficacy of the seat belt, the degree ofconcern about the encounter to a car accident, and the fear that thisaccident is the end of their lives and using the seat belts among family and friends (to investigate the influence of social). In thisstudy, McNemar's test was used for data analysis as well as accuracy. The test is non-parametric statistical tests, and variablescan have nominal or ordinal scales. At the end of this paper recommended some policies to increase using seat belts in innercity routes such as making more comfortable seat belts by car makers, described in terms of using seat belts in cities to reduce injuries to contacts, better enforcement by the traffic police and etc.

Authors

Akbar Shahidi Sadeghi

Transportation Department, Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

Hesam Shabaniverki

Urban Planning Department, Lusofona University, Lisbon, Portugal

Roshanak Karimian

Urban Planning Department, Lusofona University, Lisbon, Portugal