Synthesis of TiO2 Nanoparticles via Thermal Treatment of Alkaline Leachate of Ilmenite

Publish Year: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

IMES11_068

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 7 اسفند 1396

Abstract:

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles have presented relatively best performance amongst other known photocatalyst, and several characterization studies have been performed to verify affecting parameters on the structure of these nanoparticles or selectively production of particles with specific phase (rutile or anatase). In this paper, the synthesis of nanoparticles of TiO2 from its natural source, ilmenite concentrate, was studied. As a first step, iron oxides were eliminated from the ilmenite using determined HCl concentrate and solution temperature, after grinding it with a planetary mill. Next, titanium was leached out from the residue using NaOH in assistance of H2O2. Finally, thermal treatment (room temperature boiling) was employed to produce the TiO2. nH2O. To improve the crystallization quality, the obtained solid sediment was calcined in the air at determined time and temperature. The XRD and SEM methods were used for characterization of the titanium dioxide nanoparticles. The results showed that, milling conditions as well as HCl leaching time have strong impact on the iron content of the synthesized TiO2. In addition, the alkaline leaching conditions affected the final nanoparticle morphology. Finally, the calcination temperature was the key parameter determining the final crystallinity of titanium dioxide, the rutile or anatase phase.

Authors

Hosein Lavasani

M.Sc. Student of Mineral Processing Engineering, Department of Mining Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran,

Mehdi Nasiri Sarvi

Assistant Professor of Mineral Processing Engineering. Department of Mining Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.

Ebrahim Azimi

Assistant Professor of Mineral Processing Engineering. Department of Mining Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.