Surveillance of Foodborne Illnesses in Association with Ecological Conditions in Yazd Province, Iran

Publish Year: 1397
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JDER-1-1_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 20 آبان 1397

Abstract:

Introduction: The role of surveillance system is to supporting the early identification of diseases by the monitoring of the ecological conditions such as climatic events, natural disasters, and demographic parameters in order to access timely public health functional responses. Food and water supply quality are the essential factors in foodborne illness incidence rates that might be influenced by environmental conditions. So Therefore, that detecting on the unacceptable numbered cases that suffered from foodborne illness in Yazd touristic province of Iran was considered as the main goal of this study.Methods: The methodology of investigation was In the present study, recognizing the gastrointestinal illness relationships with temporal climatic parameters in geographical scatter parts of the Province during 2012-2016 was done by using multilevel regression analysis model. The analyses were done using Stata software, version 14.Results: studying the 729 cases of foodborne diseases related to climatic variations in Yazd Providence, 64 cases of Salmonellosis, 68 cases of shigellosis, 91 cases of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, and 57 cases of Citrobacter freundii foodborne disease were found. Moreover, the highest incidence rates of foodborne illness were in 2013 and in summer. The output of the analyses indicated that relative humidity, rainfall, and dust suspended condition have been associated with the cases of foodborne illness in different cities of Yazd province by using State 14 statistical software.Conclusion: The ecological conditions have various roles on in foodborne disease incidence rates in different cities of Yazd province. Therefore, further investigations are needed for detecting the regional climatic impacts and more important epidemiologic factors should be considered for the control of foodborne diseases.

Authors

Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Mohammad Mehdi Soltandallal

Department of Food Microbiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran, Food Microbiology Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abbas Ali Dehghani Tafti

Departments of Disaster and Emergency Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Mehdi Yaseri

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran