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Androgen Excess During Fetal Life Affects Rats Cardiac Function in Adulthood

تعداد صفحات: 1 | تعداد نمایش خلاصه: 80 | نظرات: 0
سال انتشار: 1398
کد COI Paper: COBGY15_223
زبان Paper: Englishglish
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مشخصات نویسندگان Paper Androgen Excess During Fetal Life Affects Rats Cardiac Function in Adulthood

Mahsa Noroozzadeh - Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Reza Raoufi - Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran Tehran University of Medical Sciences Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics-Iran, Tehran
Farzaneh Faraji Shahrivar - Faculty of Medicine, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Iran
Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani - Endocrinology Research Institute Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Endocrine Research Center - Iran, Tehran

چکیده Paper:

Backgrounds: Developmental programming is a complex process whereby the hormonal, nutritional, and metabolic disturbances occurring during the critical period of intrauterine development lead to alterations in the developmental trajectory of the growing fetus. The origin of cardiovascular diseases may arise from suboptimal intrauterine environments such as disturbed hormonal milieu. We aimed to compare the effects of prenatal androgen exposure(PAE) on heart basal hemodynamic parameters and tolerance to ischemia/reperfusion(I/R) injury among PAE adult female and male rats.Material and Method: Pregnant Wistar rats in the experimental group(n=8) received 5 mg of testosterone by s.c. injection on the 20th day of pregnancy and controls(n=8) received solvent. Female and male offspring experimental (n=16) and control (n=16) rats were kept with ad libitum food and water. In adulthood, the hearts of rats were isolated and perfused in a Langendorff apparatus, values of the hemodynamic parameters including: left ventricular end-diastolic pressure(LVEDP), left ventricular systolic pressure(LVSP), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), heart rate(HR), rate pressure product(RPP) and peak rates of positive and negative changes in left ventricular pressure(±dp/dt) were continuously recorded before(baseline) and after myocardial I/R, using a power lab system.Result: At baseline: PAE adult males demonstrated significant higher amount of LVSP, LVDP, RPP and ±dp/dt, compared to their controls and PAE adult females(p<0.05), while PAE adult females showed no significant differences compared to their controls. After I/R: In PAE adult males, LVSP, LVDP, RPP and ±dp/dt had significant decreasing trends per phases after I/R, compared to their controls and PAE females, while these decreasing trends were not statistically significant in PAE adult female rats vs. their controls. Conclusion:The impact of prenatal androgen exposure on adulthood cardiac function and tolerance to I/R is gender dependent, which may be partly explained by different cardiac effects of hyperandrogenism in males versus females. After prenatal androgen exposure, the baseline hemodynamic parameters of the hearts of adult males are increased; although they had less tolerance to I/R, findings however not observed in females.

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کد COI Paper: COBGY15_223

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در داخل متن نیز هر جا که به عبارت و یا دستاوردی از این Paper اشاره شود پس از ذکر مطلب، در داخل پارانتز، مشخصات زیر نوشته می شود.
برای بار اول: (1398, Noroozzadeh, Mahsa؛ Mohammad Reza Raoufi و Farzaneh Faraji Shahrivar و Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani)
برای بار دوم به بعد: (1398, Noroozzadeh؛ Raoufi و Faraji Shahrivar و Ramezani Tehrani)
برای آشنایی کامل با نحوه مرجع نویسی لطفا بخش راهنمای سیویلیکا (مرجع دهی) را ملاحظه نمایید.

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