Evaluation of Phenotypic and Genotypic Characteristics of Carbapnemases-producing Enterobacteriaceae and Its Prevalence in a Referral Hospital in Tehran City

Publish Year: 1399
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_IJP-15-2_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 21 فروردین 1399

Abstract:

Background & Objective: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae is a growing concern worldwide including Iran. The emergence of this pathogen is worrying as carbapenem is one of the last-line antibiotics for treatment of infections caused by multi drug resistant gram- negative bacteria. The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in a referral hospital in Tehran, Iran. Methods: In this study, all positive isolates of Enterobacteriaceae recorded in blood, urine, and other body fluids were studied during April 2017 to April 2018 in a referral hospital in Tehran. All cases of resistance to carbapenems were first tested by modified Hodge test. All cases with positive or negative test, after gene extraction, were examined genotypically based on the primers designed for the three Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC), New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM), and OXA-48 genes by conventional PCR method. Result: 108 isolates (13.6%) were resistant to all cephalosporins as well as to imipenem and meropenem. In a genotypic study, including 45 isolates, 13 isolates were positive for OXA-48 gene, 11 isolates for OXA-48 and NDM genes, 11 isolates for OXA-48, NDM and KPC genes, 4 isolates for OXA-48 genes and KPC, 3 isolates for NDM, one isolate for KPC. On the other hand, two isolates were negative for all three genes examined. Conclusion: OXA-48 gene was one of the most common genes resistant to carbapenems in Iran. According to studies, the prevalence of antibiotic resistance in Iran is rising dramatically, which reduces the choice of antibiotics to treat severe infections in the future.

Authors

Kosar Jalalvand

Department of Pathology, Hazret-e-Rasoul Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Nasrin Shayanfar

Department of Pathology, Hazret-e-Rasoul Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Freshteh Shahcheraghi

Department of Bacteriology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran

Elahe Amini

Skull Base Research Center, Hazret-e-Rasoul Hospital, The Five Senses Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

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