Application of Comedy and Satire in the Epic Theater: The Analysis of the Caucasian Chalk Circle by Bertolt Brecht

Publish Year: 1398
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_IJAPAS-4-4_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 25 تیر 1400

Abstract:

Comedy, satire, ridicule, and humor, in general, stem from a tragedy. Wherever weeping does notsuffice for the tragic fate of mankind, humor or comedy takes on this task by making people laugh.It is not in vain that typical theatrical emotions are displayed as two smiling and weeping faces.Tragedy and comedy are two opposing but interconnected aspects that have defined theater sincethe beginning of history. In this article, we will see how the epic theater, like the modern theaterthat crashed down the Aristotelian criterion in ancient theater, has used comical elements of comics(satire and comedy) in its structure to transcend features such as catharsis and the strongAristotelian plot and turn the play into a means for making the audience aware of their position inthe modern world. The main tool of epic theater for the realization of anti-Aristotelian theater is aninterruption to keep the audience from being trapped and submissive to the plot and to makehim/her contemplate. Comedy is an element can distance the audience from identifyinghimself/herself with tragedy.

Authors

Gholamreza Abbasi

Ph.D, Department of Philosophy of Art, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Seyed Mostafa Mokhtabad

Professor, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Mohammadreza Sharifzadeh

Associate Professor, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran