The Effect of Open Heart Surgery on FVC, FEV۱ and FVC/FEV۱ of Patients

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
View: 129

This Paper With 6 Page And PDF Format Ready To Download

  • Certificate
  • من نویسنده این مقاله هستم

این Paper در بخشهای موضوعی زیر دسته بندی شده است:

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این Paper:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_HMJ-25-3_001

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 30 مرداد 1401

Abstract:

Background: In Iran, ۲۵ ۰۰۰ open heart surgeries are performed annually, which are mainly dedicated to coronary artery bypass surgery. Pulmonary complications after open heart surgery impose a high socio-economic burden on the society because of the length of hospital stay and the use of mechanical means. In this study, we aimed to investigate the possibility of impaired forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV۱), and FVC/FEV۱ indices before and after open heart surgery, which has been directly addressed in fewer studies.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all ۱۲۵ candidates for open heart surgery who referred to Shahid Mohammadi Hospital of Bandar Abbas University of Medical Sciences during ۲۱۰۷-۲۰۱۸ were included. The patients were evaluated by spirometry three times. Before the operation, FEV۱, FVC, FEV۱/FVC were measured ۳-۱۰ days and ۳-۶ months after surgery. Then, the changes obtained from the evaluation were extracted three times before surgery, and ۳-۱۰ days and ۳-۶ months after surgery, using IBM SPSS, version ۱۷, descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, percentage, etc.), and one-way and repeated measures analysis of variance.Results: FVC decreased by ۰.۶ in both patients with asthma and healthy ones. The mean FVC was also ۰.۴ in the diabetic group and ۰.۷ in the non-diabetic group. Mean FEV۱ before surgery A, one week after surgery B and three to six months after surgery C in the two asthma and healthy groups showed a decrease of ۱.۲ and ۱.۳, respectively. Mean FEV۱ before surgery A, one week after surgery B and three to six months after surgery C in smokers and non-smokers decreased by ۰.۹ and ۱, respectively.Conclusion: Based on the results of our study, there is no doubt about the development of pulmonary dysfunction after heart surgery. This disorder occurred in the present study independent from asthma, diabetes, and smoking.

Authors

Nader Fayazi

Medical School, Hormozgan University of Medical Science, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Hossein Montazerghaem

Cardiovascular Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Elham Boushehri

Health School, Hormozgan University of Medical Science, Bandar Abbas, Iran