The Predictive Factors of Expectation Regarding Aging: The Role of the Sense of Belonging

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 28 تیر 1402


Objectives: The present study aimed to assess the correlation between the sense of belonging and expectation regarding aging in the elderly. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on ۳۰۰ elderly residents in Tehran and Ghazvin, Iran. The expectations regarding aging (ERA-۱۲) was used to evaluate the same variable, and the other measurement tool was the sense of belonging instrument. Results: The sense of belonging had a direct, significant correlation with expectation regarding aging ( = ۰.۴۶۶; P < ۰.۰۰۱), so that the sense of belonging could predict various dimensions of expectation regarding aging, such as physical health ( = ۰.۲۰; B = ۰.۰۸; P < ۰.۰۰۱), mental health ( = ۰.۴۰; B = ۰.۳۱; P < ۰.۰۰۱), and cognitive function ( = ۰.۴۰; B = ۰.۳۴; P < ۰.۰۰۱). Conclusions: Considering the obtained results, it is recommended that special attention be paid to psychological factors (e.g., sense of belonging) in order to improve interpersonal relations and healthy aging in the elderly. Furthermore, these factors have a significant impact on the life expectancy and quality of life of this population.


Amir Hossein Goudarzian

Student of Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Fariba Heydarzadeh

Student of Research Committee, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Fatemeh Ghorbanpour

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran