COVID-۱۹ Infection in Iranian Children: A Case Series of ۹ Patients

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نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_JPRE-8-2_009

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 9 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background: COVID‐۱۹ is an acute infectious respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the infection a global pandemic. The incidence, severity, and prognosis of this disease are likely to be different in children compared with adults. Herein we present ۹ pediatric patients with COVID-۱۹ infection in Iran. Case Presentation: We present ۹ pediatric cases of COVID-۱۹ admitted to different hospitals in Iran. Six patients were male. The youngest was two years old and the oldest one ten years. All children had at least one infected family member. Fever, chills, myalgia, cough, tachypnea, retraction, and crackle were common in all cases. None of our patients presented with diarrhea, vomiting, or a runny nose. Three cases had leukopenia and lymphopenia. COVID‐۱۹ RNA was identified in three cases. In all cases, elevated C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were detected. Two cases had a high level of lactate dehydrogenase. All cases received supportive care and antibiotic therapy and were discharged within six days with a good general condition. Conclusions: COVID-۱۹ pneumonia prognosis is good in children with no underlying diseases. Our patients recovered without the need for LPN/r, ribavirin, or mechanical ventilation.

Authors

Golnar Rahimzadeh

Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Mina Ekrami Noghabi

Department of Pediatrics, Bohlool Hospital, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.

Fereshteh Kadkhodaei Elyaderani

Taleghani Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Chalus, Mazandaran, Iran.

Mohammad Reza Navaeifar

Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Ahmad Ali Enayati

School of Public Health and Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Ali Manafi Anari

Ali Asghar children’s Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Maryam Hujati

Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Shaghayegh Rezai

Department of Microbiology and Virology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Mohammad Sadegh Rezai

Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

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