Islamic Geometric Patterns as a Design Strategy for Adaptive Facades: A Review of Applications in the Middle East

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: English
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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 29 فروردین 1403


This research explores the optimal Islamic geometric patterns (IGPs) for façade cladding systems in mixed-use mid-rise buildings in middle east area, where the climate demands high energy consumption for cooling. IGPs are a traditional Islamic architectural element that express the cultural and aesthetic values of Islamic countries. They comprise various polygons and stars that create intricate and harmonious designs. IGPs have served various purposes, such as aesthetics, sustainability, and structure. However, with the advancement of computer science and technology, new possibilities and challenges emerge for using IGPs in contemporary designs, especially in adaptive facades. Inspired by the Mashrabiya, which is a perforated screen that regulates light, heat, and ventilation, this research uses a parametric software language and a ۳D modelling program to analyze ten common IGPs. It evaluates the performance and efficiency of the IGPs in terms of energy consumption, daylighting, and quality views, using different orientations and seasons. It develops a repertoire of optimal IGPs that can be used in façade cladding systems that achieve significant reductions in energy consumption, while also providing sufficient daylighting and quality views. It also contributes to the knowledge of applying vernacular patterns to interactive façade systems and reinforces the connection to local culture.


Fatemeh Khademi Khoobani

Master’s student in Architectural Science at Tarbiat Modares University

Mohammad Reza Bemanian*

Professor of Architecture Department, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University