The current rules on bluetongue vaccination in EU:from the origin to date

Publish Year: 1390
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 11 تیر 1396


The Council Directive 2000/75/EC lays down controlling rules and measures to contrast and to eradicate bluetongue disease, including rules on the establishment of protection and surveillance zones and the use of vaccines against bluetongue.In the past years, only sporadic incursions of certain serotypes of the bluetongue virus were recorded in EU. However, after the adoption of the Directive, and particularly after the introduction into the Union of bluetongue viruses serotypes 1 and 8 in the years 2006-2007,the infection has become more widespread in EU, with the potential of becoming endemic in certain areas.The rules of vaccination against bluetongue laid down in Directive 2000/75/EC are based on the experience of the use of so-called modified live vaccines , or live attenuated vaccines that were the only available vaccines when the Directive was adopted. The use of those vaccines may lead to an undesired local circulation of the vaccine virus, also in unvaccinated animals.In recent years inactivated vaccines against bluetongue, which does not pose a risk for unvaccinated animals, have been introduced. The widespread use of these vaccines, during a vaccination campaign, led to a significant improvement in the disease situation. It’s now widely accepted that vaccination with inactivated vaccines is the preferred tool for the control of bluetongue and prevention of this clinical disease in EU. In order to ensure the better control of the bluetongue virus spread, the Authors underline the necessity to amend the current rules on vaccination to take account of recent technological developments in vaccine production


Maria Russo

University of Messina, Italy

Vincenzo Cuteri

School of Medical Veterinary Sciences, University of Camerino, Italy

Valeria Quartarone

Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Messina, Italy

Maria Cubeddu Giovanni

Department of Veterinary Pathology and Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Italy