The Predictive Role of Early Trauma Dimensions on Self-Esteem in 11 -13- Year-Old Students: Controlling the Role of Maladaptive Schema

Publish Year: 1395
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_RIJO-4-3_006

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 6 اسفند 1398

Abstract:

Background: Self-esteem is a stable sense of personal worthiness. There is insufficient evidence from the available research to fullydetermine the relationship between self-esteem and early trauma.Objectives: This is a correlational study aims to investigate the relationship between early traumas as a predictor of negative selfesteemby controlling the effect of maladaptive schemas in 11-13 year-old-student sample.Methods: 292 people (201 females, 91 males) with mean age of 12.33 were selected via multistage random sampling. Participantscompleted questionnaire on children’s depression inventory (CDI), childhood trauma questionnaire (CTQ), schema inventory forchildren (SIC) and provided demographic information. Analyzing data was done using correlation and stepwise regression methods.Results: The results showed that emotional neglect and physical abuse are the best predictors of negative self-esteem. Additionally,the results revealednoevidence of maladaptive schemas mediating the relationship between early traumaandnegative self-esteem.Conclusions: In general, the findings showed that emotional neglect and physical abuse are the best predictors of negative selfesteemin children and explain a considerable variance of survival index. Our findings also demonstrate that maladaptive schemasdo not have any significant effect on the relationship between trauma and negative self-esteem.

Authors

Seyede Fatemeh Sajjad

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, IR Iran

Yadollah Zargar

Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IR Iran

Leila Zare

Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, IR Iran

Fakhri Tajikzadeh

Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IR Iran