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Title

Sensitivity of eggs and larvae of Amblyomma variegatum (Acarina: Ixodidae) to Clausena anisata essential oil mixed in two vegetable oils as vehicle

Year: 1397
COI: JR_SJVA-7-7_001
Language: EnglishView: 375
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Authors

Eyabana Mollong - Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Section: Agro-Resources Protection, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lome, B.P. ۱۵۱۵ Lome, TOGO.
Rabiétou Akpéni Bawa - Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Section: Agro-Resources Protection, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lome, B.P. ۱۵۱۵ Lome, TOGO.
Soudah Boma - Togolese Institute for Agronomic Research, Center for Agronomic Research of the Wet Savannah, Animal Health Research Unit, BP: ۱۱۶۳ ITRA-DG Cacaveli, Lome-TOGO.
Yaovi Nuto - Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Section: Agro-Resources Protection, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lome, B.P. ۱۵۱۵ Lome, TOGO. Environmental Biology, Pesticide Toxicology and Insect Ecology, Advanced School of Biology and Food Processing Techniques,
Komina Amevoin - Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Section: Agro-Resources Protection, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lome, B.P. ۱۵۱۵ Lome, TOGO.

Abstract:

Livestock in tropical and subtropical areas is under almost constant threat of ticks, in particular the species Amblyomma variegatum Mfr. (Acarina: Ixodidae), especially during the rainy season. The IPM programs against this ectoparasite undoubtedly require knowledge of its bio-ecology and diversification of means of control. Thus, the toxic effects of the essential oil of Clausena anisata Hook (Rutaceae) diluted in two vegetable oils were tested on eggs and larvae of A. variegatum under the laboratory conditions of the temperature from 22-25°C, relative humidity from 78-91% and a photoperiod of 12 L/12h D. Toxicity tests were carried out in Petri dishes containing Whatman paper on which various test solutions were deposited. In each treated dish, 100 eggs or 40 larvae were released. A dose of 0.124 μL / cm² of a dilution of the essential oil of C. anisata prevented the hatching of 95% of the eggs and provoked 60% mortality of the larvae after 24 hours of exposure. Although these results differ significantly from those of the reference acaricide bayticol which is very highly toxic, the essential oil of C. anisata could be considered very toxic to the preimaginal stages of the tick A. variegatum. However, the cost of treatment with the essential oil of C. anisata should be evaluated to better assess its use in the control of A. variegatum by farmers

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This Paper COI Code is JR_SJVA-7-7_001. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/995148/

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Mollong, Eyabana and Akpéni Bawa, Rabiétou and Boma, Soudah and Nuto, Yaovi and Amevoin, Komina,1397,Sensitivity of eggs and larvae of Amblyomma variegatum (Acarina: Ixodidae) to Clausena anisata essential oil mixed in two vegetable oils as vehicle,https://civilica.com/doc/995148

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