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Authors Spatial distribution of fluoride in groundwater resources in selected parts of Kurdistan province, Iran, using GISPegah Bahmani - Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Employee of Rural Water and Wastewater Company of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
Afshin Maleki - Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Employee of Rural Water and Wastewater Company of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
Amir Hossein Mahvi - School of Public Health and Center for Solid Waste Research, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Hiua Daraei - Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Employee of Rural Water and Wastewater Company of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
Abstract:Fluoride in drinking water has a profound effect on teeth. Since drinking water is an important fluoride source, the evaluation of the fluoride content in water resources is necessary. Temporal variations and spatial distribution of the drinking water fluoride in some selected parts of Kurdistan province, Iran have been studied using geographical information system (GIS) techniques. Forty villages were selected and 80 samples taken in two wet and dry seasons in 2013. Fluoride concentration was measured via Ion Chromatography (IC) method. Geospatial analysis of the data was done using the ArcGIS software developed by Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI). The results showed that the average fluoride concentration in drinking water ranged from 0.096 to 1.102 mg/L with the concentration being less than 0.50 mg F/L in 57 samples (71.25%), between 0.51 and 1.0 mg F/L in 21 samples (26.25 %), and greater than 1.0 mg F/l in 2 samples (2.5%). No difference was present between the concentrations of fluoride in the two-stage sampling with the nonparametric Wilcoxon test (p>0.01).
Keywords:Kurdistan, Iran, Fluoride, Spatial distribution
COI code: WRM06_086
how to cite to this paper:If you want to refer to this article in your research, you can easily use the following in the resources and references section:
Bahmani, Pegah; Afshin Maleki; Amir Hossein Mahvi & Hiua Daraei, 2016, Spatial distribution of fluoride in groundwater resources in selected parts of Kurdistan province, Iran, using GIS, 6th Water Resources Management, كردستان, دانشگاه كردستان, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-WRM06-WRM06_086.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Bahmani, Pegah; Afshin Maleki; Amir Hossein Mahvi & Hiua Daraei, 2016)
Second and more: (Bahmani; Maleki; Mahvi & Daraei, 2016)
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The University/Research Center Information:
Type: Medical University
Paper No.: 774
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