Effect of Hypnosis in Adolescents: A Narrative Review

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نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_JPRE-11-1_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 9 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background: More than half of reproductive-age women experience dysmenorrhea, which can reduce their quality of life. The treatment options for dysmenorrhea are medications and alternative therapies. The tendency to use alternative therapies, such as hypnotherapy has increased.  Objectives: This study aimed to carry out a narrative review to evaluate the effect of hypnosis on dysmenorrhea in adolescents.  Methods: EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, PubMed, Cochrane library ProQuest and clinicaltrials.gov were searched up to ۲۰۲۱ using the following keywords “dysmenorrhea”, “hypnosis”. The quality of studies was assessed by Cochrane collaboration’s tool and the risk of bias in the non-randomized studies of interventions (ROBINS-I) tool. Results: Nine studies with a sample size of ۵۲۰۳ participants were included. The hypnosis intervention similar to drug therapy was effective in reducing the intensity of dysmenorrhea and improving the women’s quality of life. Dysmenorrhea pain scores in hypnosis and drug therapy groups were significantly lower than those at baseline, but pain scores in the drug therapy group were significantly lower than in the hypnosis group. Conclusion: Hypnosis can provide lasting pain relief compared to NSAIDs. Therefore, it is recommended that hypnosis as a complementary or alternative therapy reduce the intensity of dysmenorrhea in adolescents.

Authors

Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari

Department of Midwifery, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

Zahra Atarodi Kashani

Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran.

Shiva Alizadeh

Department of Midwifery, Zeynab School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Afsaneh Talebi

Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Reza Pakzad

Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Fatemeh Abdi

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

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