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Title

Effects of three different mouthwashes on the surface characteristics of nickel-titanium and Stainless steel archwires in orthodontics

Year: 1396
COI: JR_JDMT-6-1_004
Language: EnglishView: 193
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Authors

Maryam Omidkhoda - Dental Materials Research Center, Associate professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Mashhad, Iran
Maryam Poosti - Assistant Professor, Orthodontic Department, School of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Zoha Sahebnasagh - Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Seyed Mojtaba Zebarjad - Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract:

Introduction: Patients are recommended regular using of mouthwashes to control dental caries or periodontal diseases since orthodontic treatment may have detrimental effects on the tooth structures. However, chemical agents may potentially damage metal components of orthodontic appliances. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of three mouthwashes on the surface characteristics of nickel–titanium (NiTi) and Stainless steel (SS) arch wires. Methods and Materials: 15 pieces of 0.016 inch NiTi and 15 pieces of 0.016-inch SS wires were randomly assigned into 5 groups including 2 controls (as- received and artificial saliva) and 3 experimental groups. The samples in all groups were stored in artificial saliva in an incubator at 37˚C for one month, after that, the test groups were immersed in Chlorhexidine 0.12%, Hydrogen peroxide 0.12% and Persica mouth washes for 30 min, 1.5 h and 1.5 h, respectively. Then, the samples were washed by distilled water and returned to artificial saliva for more than two months. Surface topography changes and the number of corrosion holes were characterized via a scanning electron microscope (SEM).Two way ANOVA and Tukey tests were used to compare groups. Results: SEM photographs of the present study showed significant corrosion rate among as- received group and Persica (p=0.04), Chlorhexidine (p=0.02), and artificial saliva group (p=0.008) in NiTi wires, but there was no significant difference in the surface topography between any of the groups in SS wires. Conclusion: Alterations in surface of NiTi wires were significantly more than SS wires. Although not significant, 0.12% Chlorhexidine and Peroxide showed higher pitting view on SS and NiTi wires, respectively compared to other mouthwashes

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Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_JDMT-6-1_004. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/893162/

How to Cite to This Paper:

If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Omidkhoda, Maryam and Poosti, Maryam and Sahebnasagh, Zoha and Zebarjad, Seyed Mojtaba,1396,Effects of three different mouthwashes on the surface characteristics of nickel-titanium and Stainless steel archwires in orthodontics,https://civilica.com/doc/893162

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